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Gallo-roman Museum - Liberchies (Belgium)

About the archaeological site

In Liberchies, 2000 years ago, a village was built at the edge of the Roman road which connected Bavay (Northern France) to Cologne (Germany). The place was called Geminiacum. The inhabitants were mainly craftsmen. The town was used as roadtown for the tradesmen, the soldiers and the travellers who crossed the Roman Empire from the South to the North. The edge was the Rhine Valley in Germany, which was the natural boundary with ancient german people territories (Barbarians - German Rome ennemies).

During the twentieth century, the archaeologists found building remains and objects from the daily life at the gallo-roman time : pottery, jewels, weapons, tannery remains … In 1970, the famous monetary treasure was found during excavations : 368 gold coins on which the portraits of several emperors (Nero, Marc-Aurele…) are reproduced. Because of its high value, it is today preserved at the "Cabinet des Médailles" of the Royal Library of Belgium, in Brussels. These exceptional findings show the high importance of the town, which topographically extended itself on 30 000 m². However, people slowly started to leave the town at the end of the third century.

Near the village, a
roman military fortification was built in the fourth century AD. It was established to protect the road against barbarian raids that disturbed the declining Roman Empire...in vain : the village was allready completely deserted several years before. Today, in the small village called "Brunehault" at Liberchies, it is still possible to see roman walls remains. There are located on the lower parts of disused square-builded nineteenth century habitations. Actualy, these buildings used the fortification walls as fundaments.

Next to this, the curent road admirably kept the linear shape of the ancient roman way...

Moreover, in a few years, this ancient roman road testimony may be listed by UNESCO as World Heritage.

Aerial view at Liberchies - roman road
Aerial view : roman way at Liberchies.

 picture of the Bavay-Tongres roman road in Belgium
Roman road in Wallonia.

Liberchies - roman castellum Late Antiquity
Late roman fortification at Brunehault (Liberchies), sixteen centuries ago.

 Practical informations

The Museum

In this small but attractive museum, you can look at many various archaeological collections, illustrating gallo-roman daily life into the town which existed at Liberchies during Late Antiquity. 

You can also go for a country walk on the roman road and see the fortification remaining walls located 2 km far from the museum.

Where is it ?

In Wallonia (Belgium), 30 km south from Brussels.
>Address : Place de Liberchies, 5 - 6238 Liberchies.

The museum makes part of the "Pays de Geminiacum", an accomodating place where you can get touristic informations and discover local farm food and drink.

How to get there ?

>By the road : take the highway from Brussels to
Charleroi (E420) - exit 21, called "Luttre-Liberchies-Pont-à-Celles".

>By train : take the train to the Luttre station  (railroad to Charleroi-Sud, from Brussels, Namur or Liège), then take the bus 51 to Liberchies-Eglise.

>By air : Gosselies Airport (Brussels South) is only 10 km far from Liberchies.

Contact :

Phone : +32 (0) 71 84 05 71

Schedule :

/!\ Museum closed. Reopening soon... /!\

Wednesday : 1.00 to 5.00 PM

Saturday, Sunday : 2.00 to 5.00 PM

Closed between Christmas and New Year 

Entrance :

Adults / children : 3,00 € / 2,00
Children, olders and unemployeds : 1,00
Children from P-A-C et L-B-V: free
Scolar groups + guide : 50,00 (max : 30)
Groups + guide : 50,00 (min : 15, max : 30)
Guide : 25,00 € 
Audioguide (french speaking only) : 2,00

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(C) 2009-2010 Pays de Geminiacum asbl
Key words : Liberchies, archaeology, excavations, roman times, gallo-roman, german, ancient times, Antiqity, tourism, Wallonia, Belgium, Museum.